Malta, also known as the Republic of Malta, is an island country in Southern Europe. Interestingly, it was considered an island of North Africa for a long time. The country covers an area of 316 km² (122 sq mi), making it the 10th smallest country in the world. Valletta is the capital city of the country. Malta is the 4th most densely populated country with a population of around 515,000 people.
Malta is an archipelago characterized by dry vegetation, terraced fields, rock and limestone. Malta's economy depends on foreign trade, tourism and manufacturing. The country is a hub for online gambling.