An Indo-European language, Albanian has around 7.5 million speakers around the world. In the Balkans alone, it is spoken by six million people. In addition to Albania, countries such as Kosovo, Montenegro, and North Macedonia use Albanian as their official language. Albanian is also recognized as a minority language in Italy, Serbia, Croatia, and Romania.
The first attestation for Albanian was in the 1600s, and its ancestor is an antiquated Paleo-Balkan language. Albanian has two main dialects: Tosk and Gheg. It is the Tosk dialect on which standard Albanian is based. Records from 100 AD show the use of the term "Albanian."