Thailand, formerly known as Siam and recognized today as the Kingdom of Thailand is a country in Southeast Asia and is located in the very center of the Indochinese Peninsula. It occupies an area of over 513,000 square kilometers and has a population of over 66 million people. An interesting fact about Thailand is that during the era of Western imperialism in Asia, this country was the only nation in the region to not be colonized by foreign powers.
When it comes to its territory, Thailand borders Myanmar and Laos to the north. Next up, it borders Laos and Cambodia to the east, Malaysia and the Gulf of Thailand to the south, and the Andaman Sea to the west. Its maritime borders are with Vietnam, the Gulf of Thailand, Indonesia, and India. The capital is Bangkok.
According to its political system, Thailand is a constitutional monarchy and parliamentary democracy. It has the second-largest economy in Southeast Asia and the 20th in the world by PPP. Some of the leading sectors are tourism, agriculture, and manufacturing. On a global scale, Thailand is recognized as a middle power and has a newly industrialized economy.