The Republic of Chile is a country located in western South America, and it occupies a narrow and long strip of land, covering an area of around 756,000 square kilometers. The population of Chile counts around 17.5 million residents. Chile is the closest country to Antarctica, making it the southernmost country in the world.
It shares borders with Peru to the north, Argentina to the east, Bolivia to the northeast, and the Drake Passage in the south. It also claims a territory of about 1,250,000 square kilometers of Antarctica. The capital and the largest city of Chile is Santiago, and the official language in the country is Spanish.
The economy of Chile is known to be a high-income one, and it ranks very highly in the Human Development Index. Chile is probably the most economically and socially stable nation in entire South America, and it is a leading country in the region in rankings of globalization, state of peace, economic freedom, competitiveness, and low perception of corruption.
The democratic development in the country is impressive, and it has the lowest homicide rate in the Americas after Canada. It is one of the founding members of the UN, the Community of Latin American and the Caribbean States, and the Pacific Alliance.