Over 70 million people across the world are currently speaking Vietnamese, the primary language of Vietnam. The language initially comes from the Viet-Muong, which is a subdivision of the Mon-Khmer family. Most of the Vietnamese vocabulary is borrowed from the Chinese during their colonization in the 10th century.
The French colonization during the 19th century also contributed to the Vietnamese language. Nouns come after a preposition in Vietnamese, but nouns go before adjectives. Tones are used to differentiate words with similar vowel and consonant sequences. In contrast, the order of words is used to define the syntactic connections between words.